Hungry for God

Preached at All Saints, Easton
9th August 2015: 10th Sunday after Trinity
1 Kings 19:4-8; Psalm 34:1-8; Ephesians 4:25-5:2; John 6:35-51

Almighty and everlasting God, Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, we thank you that you are a God who fills the hungry with good things, and who in your Son has given us a living bread from heaven to eternally satisfy the needs and longings of the whole world. Stir up within us an appetite for the life that it truly life, and send your Holy Spirit among us now that we may feed on Jesus Christ, your living Word, in our hearts by faith with thanksgiving. Amen.

“Go!” said Pharaoh. So they went. Their bread hadn’t yet had time to rise, but they couldn’t wait. They wrapped their kneading bowls in their cloaks, tossed them over their shoulders together with all the belongings they could carry, and headed off out of Egypt and into freedom. And when Pharaoh changed his mind and sent all the chariots he could muster thundering after them, God opened a way in the sea, lead them to safety and closed the waters behind them to sweep away the entire Egyptian army in one fell swoop. Moses led the singing, Miriam led the dancing, and a great party erupted in the desert.

Just three days later, and the people were already grumbling. “We can’t find anything to drink,” they complained. “The water here tastes funny—it’s too bitter.” So God showed Moses a log. He threw it into the water and the bitter water became sweet. After that they came to an oasis called Elim where there were not one, not two, but twelve freshwater springs, and seventy—yes, seventy—palm trees laden with fat, juicy dates. “Satisfied?” God must have felt like asking. But apparently not, because a little while later after leaving Elim that disorgansised gaggle of grumblers have now formed a Back to Egypt Committee (you’ll find one in every church).

“What have you brought us out here for, Moses?” they muttered. “It would have been better if God had killed us in Egypt than for us to starve to death out here. Back in Egypt, we had plenty to eat and drink. We sat by pots stuffed with meat and ate as much bread as we wanted.   Now we’re going to die of hunger in some God-forsaken desert. Thanks a lot.” (Yes, there is in every congregation a group of people who would rather the grim predictability of decline and slavery to the arduous uncertainty change and freedom.) And God responded by telling Moses, “Quit it! I’m sick of all your complaining!” No. He said, “I’m going to show you my glory. I’m going to give you so much to eat, it’s going to rain bread from heaven.”

So Moses got the word out: “Get ready, folks—I’ve spoken to the Chef, He says the food’s on its way.” And no sooner had the message been conveyed than the radiant glory of the Lord appeared in a cloud out in the wilderness, and God told Moses, “Soon you’re going to eat your fill of food and then you’ll know that I am the Lord your God.” The morning came. Dew covered the dry desert ground all around the camp and as it evaporated, it left behind a fine, mysterious, flaky substance, almost like frost. The people looked at it, then they looked at one another, and then they asked, “What is it?”

“What is it? What’s this?” Man hu, they ask in Hebrew. That’s where we get the word ‘manna’. And isn’t that just like us? God lays-on a feast in the desert and we turn our noses up and go, “What’s this? I’m not too sure about foreign food.” The bread God provides is bread like they’ve never seen or known before. It wasn’t what they expected, and in all likelihood, it wasn’t what they wanted either. “We only wanted some Kingsmill,” they insisted. But it’s not Kingsmill. It’s not Hovis either. Manna is God’s miraculous provision that we don’t get and don’t understand. It’s miracle-bread we can’t control, we can’t hoard and we can’t possess for ourselves. Those who tried to control it, to hoard it and to possess it found that it rotted under their noses. You simply have to receive it fresh every day as a gift.

Manna is the bread that teaches us that we don’t need bread as much as we need the God who provides it. We don’t trust in the bread. We trust in God. And after forty years of wandering in the wilderness, when the people of God are finally ready to cross over into the Promised Land, that is precisely what Moses reminds them: “[God] fed you with manna, which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that He might make you know that man does not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord” (Deuteronomy 8:3). The point of the manna was to teach the people that it’s God who gives people life, not Kingsmill. God alone gives us the strength we need. God alone satisfies our every longing. God alone will last forever.

“I am the bread of life,” Jesus says; “whoever comes to me shall not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall never thirst” (John 6:35). Do you understand what it is that Jesus is saying? He’s saying, “I am the flesh and blood embodiment of the God that you need to live.” He’s saying, “If you want to live, you’re going to need me.” He’s saying, “If you feed on me and take me into the very depths of your being, I will nourish you with the life of the age to come, eternal life, the life of God Himself.” Is it any surprise, therefore, that the people who heard Him didn’t get it? They didn’t understand what He was on about. They looked at Jesus and, like the Israelites in the desert, they asked, “Man hu? What’s this?” Like the manna, Jesus was not the bread they knew, not the kind of bread they wanted or were looking for.

When was the last time you were hungry? I don’t mean peckish. I mean hungry—tummy rumbling, arm-gnawing, could-eat-a-horse, hungry. Even with the use of foodbanks on the rise, most of us in this country are so comfortable we don’t know what it means to be truly hungry, and therefore we don’t get how big a deal it is for Jesus to say that if we come to Him we’ll never go hungry again. The World Food Programme estimates that there are some 795 million people in the world who do not have enough food to live a normal, active, healthy life. That’s one in nine of the world’s population. I bet if we asked them whether it was a big deal for someone to say they could forever satisfy the appetites of the whole world, they’d say yes.

Most of us don’t get that. When we hear Jesus say, “I am the bread of life,” we want to ask Him what kind of bread—plain white sliced bread from the supermarket or a hand-crafted artisan sourdough from the local organic bakery? And yet, just because we’re not hungry for bread doesn’t mean we’re not hungry. As Mother Teresa said, “Even the rich are hungry for love, for being cared for, for being wanted, for having someone to call their own.” And again, “Being unwanted, unloved, uncared for, forgotten by everybody, I think that is a much greater hunger, a much greater poverty than the person who has nothing to eat.” Our hungers are more than physical. We are hungry emotionally. We are hungry spiritually. Ultimately, we are hungry for God. And Jesus promises to meet our hunger.

“I am the bread of life.” What a claim that is! As C.S. Lewis said, to say something like this puts Him “on the level of the man who says he is a poached egg – or else he would be the Devil of Hell.” In other words, He’s either mad, bad, or God. And some have suggested that what Jesus means by saying He is the bread of life is that He meets our spiritual hunger, that He is our true and lasting spiritual nourishment. And while that’s true, that also makes Jesus’ claim too small. For Jesus doesn’t say, “I am the bread of spiritual life”; rather He says, “I am the bread of life,” and life includes the physical and emotional; this is life in all its fullness, embodied human life restored to the way it is meant to be. Take note: Jesus Himself is what need to live—not what He can teach us, not what He can do for us, not what He can show us. “I am the bread of life,” He says. We need Him.

Jesus is the source of a new way of life. Where all feed on Jesus, no one will go hungry—whether physically, emotionally, or spiritually. That is a picture of the life of the world to come. And we catch a glimpse of it in the book of Acts in the life of the first Christian community. Acts 4:34-35 says this: “There was not a needy person among them, for as many as were owners of lands or houses sold them and brought the proceeds of what was sold and laid it at the apostles’ feet, and it was distributed to each as any had need.” It is in the Church that we see the hungry feeding on Christ and being satisfied, for Jesus is the bread who nourishes us with a life that makes us open our hand to the poor and the needy, who makes us share our bread with others (whether that bread be physical, emotional or spiritual).

When Moses told the people of Israel that “man does not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord,” he was telling them that the Law God gave them revealed the life He wanted them to have. Jesus, here, by saying that He is the bread of life claims to be God’s Law incarnate—the living, skin and bones personification of the life God wants for us. To see Jesus is to see what it means to live. And what does it mean to live? Paradoxically, it means to die. It means to die to ourselves: our need to get our own way, our need to be right all the time, our need to be the centre of our own little universe. This is what Jesus does. And glorious, impossible, new life emerges—resurrection. That is the meaning of the meal we are about to share.

Rob Bell writes: “When we say yes to God, when we open ourselves to Jesus’ living, giving act on the cross, we enter in to a way of life. He is the source, the strength, the example, and the assurance that this pattern of death and rebirth is the way into the only kind of life that actually sustains and inspires.” To feed on Jesus means feeding on the One who emptied Himself of all but love on our behalf. To feed on Jesus means feeding on the One who brought us life by giving Himself over to death. To feed on Jesus means feeding on the One who would bring us into the pattern of His life-giving death and resurrection. “Lose your life and find it,” Jesus says.

“I am the bread of life,” Jesus says; “whoever comes to me shall not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall never thirst. … And the bread that I will give for the life of the world is my flesh” (John 6:35, 51). The flesh and blood Word of God will give His physical life to feed a world hungry for God. As a result of Jesus’ self-giving death, a world that at present does not know the life of God will be enabled to experience it. Jesus would feed us with His flesh and make us partakers of the kind of life He has—resurrection life, death-defeating life, the life of the world to come. The bread and wine that will be put into your open, empty hands is a sign of that life. But will you make it your own?

Before Jesus declared Himself the bread of life, He fed the five thousand. When the people saw this display of power, they wanted to make Him king there and then. But Jesus wouldn’t let them. He evaded their grasp and withdrew to the mountain by himself. Later, as He was crucified an inscription in Aramaic, Greek and Latin was placed above His head reading, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” This is the kind of King Jesus is. But the people didn’t get it. That was not what they wanted or expected their king to look like. Jesus was unlike any king they’d seen or known before. They looked at Him and asked, “Man hu? What’s this?” They failed to see God’s miraculous provision right before their eyes. As we come to the Lord’s Table in just a moment, let us not do the same.

In the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Amen.

In Him All Things

Preached at Christ Church, Abingdon
19th July 2015: 7th Sunday after Trinity
John 15:1-17

O Lord, our glorious, loving and holy God, we thank you that you are a God who speaks and who has given us in your Son a living Word who points us to You and that reality which words cannot express: your unfathomable, great and jealous love for all that you have made. Send your Holy Spirit among us now, we pray, to reveal yourself to our hearts in the person of your Son our Saviour Jesus Christ, and by the same Spirit, unite us with Him that we may evermore dwell in Him, and He in us. Amen.

What is salvation? Salvation is one of those churchy words that we don’t really use much in everyday life, unless it’s to talk about a new football manager being appointed to a club in trouble. In this sermon series, which we’re concluding tonight, we’ve been working our way through the seven “I am” sayings of Jesus in John’s Gospel and looking at what they tell us about Jesus the Saviour and the salvation that is to be found in Him. In each, Jesus reveals a slightly different nuance of who He is and what He’s about.

Tonight we’ll be digging into Jesus’ description of Himself as the True Vine and we’ll be thinking about what that image tells us about the kind of Saviour Jesus is and what it means for us to be saved by a Saviour like Jesus. What we see emerging from this extended figure of speech that Jesus uses here in John 15 is that salvation is incorporation. And there are three elements of this that I want to draw out for us this evening:

  1. Salvation is incorporation into the Saviour; that it involves a personal relationship with Jesus.
  2. Salvation is incorporation into the Saviour’s work; that it involves us in what Jesus is about.
  3. Salvation is incorporation into the Saviour’s community; that it involves us with everyone else in relationship with Jesus.

That’s where we’re going, but before we get there I just want to step back a bit to think about what it is Jesus is actually saying when He says, “I am the true vine.” First, let’s reflect on those two small words with which Jesus begins: “I am the true vine.” Earlier on in the series, Keith called our minds back to Exodus 3 when God met with Moses in the burning bush revealed His name as: “I AM WHO I AM.” He explained how these words on Jesus’ lips are a claim to His divinity, to His unity with the Father. But I want to think about something much more mundane than that. I want to think for a moment about what it is that any of us are doing when we begin a sentence, “I am…”

As I’m sure we all learned at school, every complete sentence has two parts to it: there’s the subject (who or what the sentence is about) and there’s the predicate, which tells us about the subject (such as what it’s like or what it does). When Jose Mourinho first arrived as Chelsea manager back in 2004, he caused quite a stir when he announced to the gathered media, “I am a special one.” He himself was the subject of that sentence and what he wanted us to know was that he was special (or at least, he thought he was special—I’ll let you judge for yourselves the content of his claim!). But the important thing is this: every time we use the words “I am…” we shed light on who we are and what we’re about. If I am the subject, then the predicate always reveals something of myself to another.

In our case, then, the subject is Jesus, speaking about Himself. And in one sense, of course, that’s not particularly interesting. We speak about ourselves all the time. Yet what makes the “I am” sayings of Jesus so special is the One who is the subject of this self-disclosure. For the One who’s doing the revealing is the One whom the apostle Paul says in Colossians 1:15 is “the image of the invisible God”; the One whom the author of the letter to the Hebrews describes as “the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature” (Hebrews 1:3); the One whom the prologue to this very Gospel says makes known the God whom no one has ever seen (John 1:18).

We often come to these “I am” sayings of Jesus so flippantly, with such familiarity that we fail to recognise the riches of what’s right in front of us. This is God revealing God’s self to us. In Jesus, God condescends to make Himself the subject of our enquiry. We really ought to marvel in wonder at the grace of a God who would stoop so low as to be known by finite beings like us. And just look at how He does it. Jesus takes a simple, ordinary, everyday image like a vine to communicate His truth to us. God doesn’t stand before us and lecture us with technical, theological jargon we don’t understand. Rather, as Martin Luther once said: when God speaks to humanity, God always speaks in baby talk. God doesn’t send Jesus into a seminar room at Oxford University, He sends Him into the crèche.

Time and time again Jesus does this in the Gospels, especially when He’s telling parables about the Kingdom. He uses the mundane to illustrate the sublime, the earthly to illuminate the heavenly. And this is the nature of the man Himself, for He is the One in whom Him heaven and earth meet. This is the mystery at the heart of the Christian faith: that God has freely chosen to reveal Himself to the world in the person of Jesus of Nazareth. Every “I am” saying of Jesus, therefore, is a reminder that we don’t climb up the ladder to find God, but that He in His grace scrambles down the ladder to find us. If we are to know anything about who God is and what God looks like, we are dependent on Him to show it to us, and He chooses to do that through Jesus.

“I am the true vine,” Jesus says, “I am the vine; you are the branches.” If Jesus is the subject, what does this predicate say about Him? Why a vine? Why not a pair of trousers? Well, for a start, trousers weren’t really the fashion in first century Palestine.   Vines, however, were. In the ancient Mediterranean world, the vine was one of the three most familiar trees of the region, along with the olive tree and the fig tree. Vines were grown all over Palestine, as indeed they still are today. Jesus could speak in this extended metaphor because He knew people would know what He was talking about. It was baby talk.

It’s a bit different for us here in England. When I think of vines, I think of a vineyard we visited up in Yorkshire a couple of years ago. If you’re sitting there thinking, “I didn’t think you could grow grapes up in Yorkshire,” you’d be dead right. It was a disaster. It was windy, cold and wet, but did they cancel the tour? No, of course not, because it soon became apparent that they certainly we’re making any money from wine, and most disappointing of all, there were no samples at the end of the tour. All that’s just to say that the horticultural image of the vine probably doesn’t mean as much to us here and now as it did there and then to those first disciples. But perhaps things are different here in sunny Abingdon? I don’t know.

And yet there is more to Jesus’ use of this metaphor than the familiarity of the vine in the local countryside. By speaking of Himself as a vine, Jesus was tapping into a rich vein of Old Testament imagery. In several places in the Old Testament, Israel was referred to as God’s vineyard. Psalm 80:8-11 says:
You brought a vine out of Egypt;
you drove out the nations and planted it.
You cleared the ground for it;
it took deep root and filled the land.
The mountains were covered with its shade,
the mighty cedars with its branches.
It sent out its branches to the sea
and its shoots to the River.
The vine was a symbol of the nation. It was even used on Maccabean coinage in the years before the Roman occupation. Thus for Jesus to say not only that he was the vine, but that He was the true vine, was for Him to claim that He fulfils the role of Israel, that He is the true representative of God’s people in the world.

Particularly significant (given the context of Jesus saying this as He bids farewell to His disciples), Jesus here is claiming to bear fruit through a new people of God formed in Him. The image of the vine and the branches is used to signify a certain kind of relationship. It speaks of dependence, of mutuality, of an organic union between the people of God and the God who saves them. Salvation is incorporation. And first of all, it is incorporation into the Saviour. “Remain in me, as I also remain in you,” says Jesus in v. 4. μείνατε ἐν ἐμοί. The Greek implies a sense of deep and lasting intimacy, which Eugene Peterson draws out wonderfully in The Message: “Live in me. Make your home in me just as I do in you.”

Salvation means incorporation into the Saviour. Jesus uses the word “abide” 11 times in these verses. He uses the words “in me” or “in my” a further 8 times. That’s significant. John Stott rightly points out that the commonest way of describing a follower of Jesus in the Bible is to say that he or she is a person “in Christ”. The apostle Paul uses the term “in Christ” (ἐν Χριστῷ) as a synonym for Christian (which itself is used only 3 times). The words “in Christ” (or their equivalent) appear 216 times in Paul’s letters. They occur a further 26 times in the Gospel and letters of John. Theologian Paul Murray claimed that, “nothing is more central or basic than union and communion with Christ.” He argued that union with Christ is “the central truth of the whole doctrine of salvation.”

We see this in Romans 6:3, for instance, when Paul says, “Do you not know that all of us who have been baptised into Christ Jesus were baptised into his death?” Later on in the same passage Paul says: “Now if we have died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him.” Through faith and baptism, we are brought into Christ; we are identified with Him and made participants of His death and resurrection. In business, a corporation is a company or group of people who are legally authorized to act as a single entity or person. Incorporation literally means to be formed or united into one body. That is what Jesus is talking about here in John 15. By calling Himself the vine, Jesus reveals a salvation that means participating in Him.

“I am the vine; you are the branches,” Jesus says in v. 5. “If you remain in me and I in you, you will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing.” If you’ve ever spent ages trying to figure out why some electrical device wasn’t working only to find out later that it wasn’t actually plugged in, you’ll understand what Jesus is talking about. Salvation means being plugged into the Saviour. It implies a living connection between Christ and the believer. And in vv. 7-10 we get an idea of how this living connection is to be maintained: by remaining in Christ’s word, by prayer in Christ’s name (that is, in line with what He represents), and by obedience to Christ in both. Incorporation into Christ means conformity to Christ and what Christ’s about.

Salvation is incorporation into the Saviour, but it’s also incorporation into the Saviour’s work. So that’s the next question, isn’t it? What is the Saviour’s work? Again, the image of the vine and the branches tells us all we need to know:
“He cuts off every branch in me that bears no fruit, while every branch that does bear fruit he prunes so that it will be even more fruitful.” (v. 2)
“No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must remain in the vine. Neither can you bear fruit unless you remain in me.” (v. 4)
“If you remain in me and I in you, you will bear much fruit.” (v. 5)
“This is to my Father’s glory, that you bear much fruit.” (v. 8)
“You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you so that you might go and bear fruit—fruit that will last.” (v. 16)
You tell me: what do you think the work of Jesus the True Vine is? To bear fruit! That is why a vine exists. That is its raison d’être (perhaps its raisin d’être!). So if the mission of a vine is to produce grapes, the mission of the branches is the same. Indeed, the branches bear the vine’s fruit.

It’s no accident, I don’t think, that Jesus’ first recorded miracle (or “sign”) in John’s Gospel is turning water into wine, and that His last “I am” saying is: “I am the true vine.” In a sense, they act as bookends to Jesus’ ministry telling us what it’s all about: bringing joy and fullness of life, filling our cup till it overflows, inaugurating the end-time party to end all parties. That’s what Jesus is about. And the picture Jesus paints of the vine and the branches tells us that if we’re in Him, that’s what we should be about too. In fact, it goes further still. It says that we are to be the means by which Christ blesses the world; we are, if you like, to be the delivery mechanism.

We often have far too limited a sense of what salvation is. We tend to think of it as having our sins forgiven so that we can go to heaven when we die. But that’s not what the Bible means by salvation. That might be part of it; but it’s too self-centred, too individualistic, and frankly, far too small. A more biblical vision of salvation is our getting hooked up with God, swept up into the great tidal wave of God’s loving move towards His creation. Theologian Will Willimon writes: “Salvation isn’t just a destination; it is our vocation.” Salvation is the invitation to share the Saviour’s life, and by extension, the Saviour’s ministry. Ultimately, therefore, salvation isn’t about us; it’s about God and God’s purposes being accomplished in and through us.

The Good News of Jesus Christ is even better than we dare to imagine: we are not saved from this world for another; we are saved by Christ to be Christ’s agents of transformation of it. To be saved by Jesus means to be sent by Jesus: “I chose you and appointed you so that you might go and bear fruit,” (v. 16). Friendship makes demands upon us. Friendship with Jesus is no different. Incorporation into Christ the Saviour, therefore, means incorporation into Christ the Saviour’s work. His work is our work. By the grace of God in Christ who calls us His friends, we are made, in the words of Paul, “co-workers with God” (1 Corinthians 3:9).

Once we realise that being saved by Jesus means far more than having a personal relationship with Him, we are prepared to see that salvation in Jesus Christ is social. Salvation is incorporation into the Saviour’s community. In other words, Jesus’ mission isn’t merely to bear fruit through a number of individual branches, but to bear fruit through branches that are all united one to another through the one vine. This community-forming dimension of Jesus the Saviour isn’t an optional extra; it is an intrinsic part of the salvation He came to bring. If we look at vv. 12-17, we see that Jesus’ chief concern there is with the formation of the new people of God who bring God’s blessings to the world by being a community of love.

It is in community, in the Church, that we practice salvation. This, in itself, is missional. Back in John 13:35, Jesus says: “By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.” The church historian Tertullian imagined pagans looking at Christians and saying, “See … how they love one another; and how they are ready to die for each other.” The quality of our fruit is tied to the quality of our community. As you go to a vine to find grapes, so ought the world be able to go to the Church and find Christ. Commentator Andrew Lincoln writes: “The result of the relationship to Jesus is to be fruit-bearing and that entails his followers’ love for one another … The union between Jesus and his disciples is to result in a community of love that has its source and model in the love which Jesus demonstrates.”

As I was preparing this sermon in the week, I was struggling to find an illustration that might adequately capture what it is Jesus is saying here. Then it dawned on me. I didn’t have to find one. We already have one: it’s called Holy Communion. This simple act of meal encapsulates everything I’ve been trying to say. Jesus says earlier on in John’s Gospel: “Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in them” (John 6:56). As we receive bread and wine, we accept Christ’s identification with us in dying on our behalf and we seek to participate in the movement of Christ’s risen life towards the Father. What’s more, as we receive bread and wine, we have to eat with anyone Christ calls to His feast; we are sat around the table with everyone else who is “in Christ”—a family we would never have chosen for ourselves.

But there’s also one final reason why the meal Jesus gave us is such a perfect sign of His salvation: because having been fed and watered, we’re sent out again on a mission to bear fruit for the world. William Barclay writes: “When a knight came to the court of King Arthur, he did not come to spend the rest of his days in knightly feasting and in knightly fellowship there. He came to the king saying: “Send me out on some great task which I can do for chivalry and for you.”” The purpose of our communion with Christ is to go into the world, but it is only through our communion with Christ and our communion with Christ through one another that we have something to offer the world. Nemo dat quod non habet. You can’t give what you don’t have. Or, as Jesus Himself says in v. 5: “I am the vine; you are the branches. If you remain in me and I in you, you will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing.”

In the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Amen.

Weak, But Yet Strong

Preached at Christ Church, Abingdon
5th July 2015: 5th Sunday after Trinity
2 Corinthians 12:2-10; Mark 6:1-13

Last weekend, I was in the car listening to Saturday Live on the radio and they were asking people to share their stories of when they were at their best. They read out a text from a woman named Maggie, who wrote: “I don’t want to sound too boastful, but I was at my best when I won a ‘Highly Commended’ for my potato in the Coomb Flower, Autumn Fruit and Veg Show.” Angela said she peaked in 1973 at the age of 19 when she won a competition for holding dolly pegs—she managed to hold an impressive twenty-one in just one hand. Another woman called Ros emailed in to say that her high point was graduating from university just before her 60th birthday with a Master’s degree in Death Studies, having never been to university before.

When were you really at your best? How jarring it would have been to hear the apostle Paul calling in and saying, “I was at my best when I was hungry, thirsty, cold, exposed, and worried; when I was being imprisoned, whipped, beaten, stoned, shipwrecked, and insulted; when I received a thorn in my flesh whose sharp incision bore into me with an insistent and searing pain which God refused to take away.” Paul’s got it all backwards. We boast about our achievements, about our successes, about the things that make us look good—you know the kind of thing you find in the typical, nauseating Christmas letter crowing about how their 3 year old granddaughter has just passed her Grade 8 cello exam and will be playing with the London Symphony Orchestra next month.

“I will not boast about myself,” Paul says, “except about my weaknesses. … For when I am weak, then I am strong.” (2 Corinthians 12:5, 10)

To most of us, this will sound ridiculous. Who would boast about their weaknesses? Can you imagine kids in the playground boasting, “My Dad’s smaller than yours” and another saying, “Yeah, well my Dad’s poorer than yours” and yet another saying, “My Dad’s smaller and poorer than both your Dads put together”? No, of course not. Paul sets before us a strange new world revealed to us in Jesus Christ in which strength and weakness are not opposites or logical incompatibilities, but rather go hand-in-hand. In Christ, through Christ, and with Christ, Paul shows us that we may be weak, but yet strong.

In Acts 18, we read that Paul spent 18 months teaching and preaching in Corinth, second only in time to Ephesus. As he usually did, he went first to the Jews in the local synagogue and then when he was driven out of there, he took the gospel to the population at large. And although he faced opposition, his message had great success in bringing many people to Jesus. But now things have gone wrong. In his absence, people had come in and preached a rival message of the gospel, opposing Paul and questioning his apostolic credentials: his truthfulness (1:15-17), his speaking ability (10:10; 11:6), his unwillingness to accept financial support (11:7-9; 12:13), and seemingly also from this passage, his failure to speak compellingly of or enable the Corinthians themselves to have amazing spiritual experiences.

So Paul writes 2 Corinthians to defend his authority as the Lord’s apostle. Yet, he does so in a most unexpected way. Tom Wright says: “In this letter, he [Paul] goes down deeper into sorrow and hurt, and what to do about it, than he does anywhere else, and he emerges with a deeper, clearer vision of what it meant that Jesus himself suffered for and with us and rose again in triumph.” Paul plunges the depths. He exposes himself. He lays himself bare. He reveals his utmost weaknesses and vulnerabilities, and says, “Judge for yourselves whether or not I am who I say I am.” In v. 6 of our passage, he says that he doesn’t want anyone thinking more of him than they can see or hear from him.

If you’ve ever heard the Radio 4 comedy, I’m Sorry I Haven’t a Clue, you may have heard them playing a game called Swankers. It’s basically a boasting game. The teams take it in turns to be guests at a party bragging about some impressive aspect of their lives, which the next guest has to try their best to out-do. In the first half of our passage, Paul shows that in a game of Apostolic Swankers, he was more than a match for the so-called super-apostles who had so bewitched the Corinthians. “So, you think unusual spiritual experiences are evidence of spiritual stature, do you? Well, I happen to know someone who was taken up to Paradise itself, who walked in the royal garden as a companion of the heavenly King. I could say more, but if I did, I’d have to kill you.”

Paul could have boasted about himself if he wanted to, and if he did, it’s probably fair to say he’d have top trumps. Yet, he chooses not to. Instead, he tells us of a thorn in his flesh—what this is we don’t know, and though there have been lots of guesses it doesn’t really matter. Whatever it was, this thorn, Paul says, was given him as a reminder that God’s power is not the same as human power. And when he begged God three times to remove it, God simply told him: “My grace is sufficient for you.” Paradoxically, Paul realizes that the only strength that matters is weakness, because it’s in our weakness that we encounter the grace of God.

Whereas the strong want to use God, the weak want to be used by God. And that is what makes them powerful. Brother Yun, the exiled Chinese church leader and evangelist rightly says, “It is not great men who change the world, but weak men in the hands of a great God.” And the definitive example of that is Christ Himself. The cross is the ultimate demonstration of Christ’s weakness. And yet… And yet, it is through the cross that forgiveness for sins is won, that the powers of evil are destroyed, and that the power of God is revealed in resurrection. God’s power being revealed in weakness is what the meal we are about to share is all about.

Christ allows us to embrace weakness in the trust that it may become, with God, an opportunity for Him to reveal His power. As my former lecturer at Durham University, Walter Moberly, writes, “Even pain as acute as that of the thorn in the flesh can become, in Christ, a channel for the power of God which brings life to others.” I experienced that this week when I had the very great privilege of meeting Brian. I saw in him a man who was weak, but yet strong: a man who was willing to be open and vulnerable, and through whose openness and vulnerability, God showed me a thing or two about what it means to love.

We don’t need to run or hide from our weaknesses; rather, by the grace of God, we can boast in our weaknesses because He uses our weaknesses to show His power. Indeed, it’s my boast today that God has chosen a shy, timid introvert, who really doesn’t like being the centre of attention and who has a bit of a stutter under pressure, to preach and to be the vessel through which He may speak His Word to His people. I’ll boast about weakness like that. Thanks be to God!

The Crazy Things People Do For Love

Preached at St. Mary’s, Chesterton
14th June 2015: 2nd Sunday after Trinity
2 Corinthians 5:6-17; Mark 4:26-34

Not my words, Lord, but yours. Send your Holy Spirit that we may hear the words I speak not as a human word, but as your word addressed to us; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Love will make people do crazy things. A few years ago Cosmopolitan asked men to name some of the crazy things they had done in order to impress a woman. The list included taking a woman to IKEA so she could buy tea lights, donning lycra and joining her yoga class, or simply giving her the remote control for the TV. Yet the craziest thing, this survey said, that men would do to woo a woman was to become a vegetarian or date a vegetarian (which, in many ways amounts to the same thing).

Love will oftentimes lead us to do things, which, at any other time, would seem completely and utterly ludicrous. A couple of years ago, my wife and I watched a French film called Hor de Prix (or its English title, Priceless). (I must confess, it was her choice; but in hindsight I thoroughly enjoyed it!) The basic plot is that through a set of unlikely circumstances, a wealthy gold-digger named Irene, mistakenly woos Jean, the softly spoken, mild-mannered bartender at a classy hotel, believing him to be a well-heeled guest, only for him to fall head-over-heels in love with her.

As Jean pursues Irene, she takes him for everything he’s got (which isn’t that much). She insists on eating at the most expensive restaurants, buying the finest designer clothes, and staying in the most exclusive hotels. Desperate to keep pursuing Irene, Jean makes a series of increasingly frenetic phone calls to his banker telling him to empty his savings, withdraw his pension, sell his shares, and put everything into his account in order to fuel her every wish and whim. Finally, when he’s reduced to his last Euro, he gives it to Irene in exchange for just ten seconds more of her company.

As a viewer watching it, when you’re not laughing, you’re sitting there thinking to yourself, “No! Don’t do it! She’s not worth it! Stop throwing your money away!” Watching him throw good money after bad is like watching a train wreck in slow motion. And all the while, you can’t help asking yourself, “What on earth would possess him to do that? He must be mad! Can’t he see that she’s using him?” Surely, only love could compel someone to do something so stupid. Only love.

Which leads us to the words of the apostle Paul that we heard earlier, explaining the motivation for his ministry—a ministry, let me remind you, for which he says later in this letter (2 Cor. 11:24-27) he received the forty lashes minus one on five separate occasions; a ministry for which he was beaten with rods three times, stoned once, and shipwrecked three times; a ministry for which he was constantly on the move and constantly in danger; a ministry for which he endured countless sleepless nights, hunger and exposure.

“For Christ’s love compels us, because we are convinced that one died for all, and therefore all died. And he died for all, that those who live should no longer live for themselves but for him who died for them and was raised again.” (2 Cor. 5:14-15)

Why did Paul do what he did? Why did he turn his back on the security of his very successful life in Judaism to become the public face of a group despised by Jews and Gentiles alike? Why did he suffer all the hardships that he describes for the sake of the gospel? Because Christ’s love compelled him. It was as simple, and as difficult, as that. Having begun to know and to experience the love of Christ for us, expressed by his death on our behalf, Paul concluded that he was left with no real option but to give everything in return.

Those who knew him, might well have been tempted to cry out, as I did watching Jean, “No! Don’t do it! Don’t throw away your life following a crucified Lord! It won’t end well!” But he did it anyway. Why? Because Christ’s love compelled him. Paul says in Philippians 3:8 that for the sake of knowing Christ Jesus his Lord, he counted everything as loss. Nothing could ever compare. In order to gain Christ, he gave up everything. Everything. All his hope, all his trust, all his security in life was staked on Jesus. If this was a poker game, you’d say he had gone all-in.

Why would Paul, why would any of us, renounce those things we think give us confidence and safety for a life of uncertainty and vulnerability? Only if Christ’s love compels us. The Greek word Paul uses here (συνέχω) is so wonderfully illustrative. It means to hold together, constrain or compress; to surround, hem in, encircle or besiege; to control, seize, guard or hold prisoner; to afflict, consume, urge or impel. In short, what Paul means to say is that he has been gripped so strongly by the love of Christ that he simply cannot escape it exerting its influence over him. Christ’s love surrounds him on every side. It holds him prisoner. It afflicts him like a disease.

How was Paul so absorbed by Christ’s love? Because he was “convinced that one died for all, and therefore all died.” Paul was confronted by the man on the cross and could come to no other conclusion that He who died there, died there for us all—in our place, as our representative, bearing our sin before God. In Him, God had said a clear-cut and categorical “No!” to our self-centred living, while saying a loud and loving “Yes!” to us. Paul saw that Jesus died and was raised for our sake; so that in Him we might live the life us humans were made to live, the life Jesus embodies—life in the presence of God, life as the children of God, life in the glory of God.

It is the conviction of Christ’s love for all, supremely revealed in His death on the cross, which compels us to commit ourselves wholeheartedly to living for Christ. A few weeks ago there was a story in the press about a 29-year-old woman called Theodora Hawksley, who is part of an increasing number of women (particularly young women) entering life in a religious order. Asked how she ended up in the convent, she explained: “It wasn’t a decision that I made so much as one that was made in me that I discovered. It’s like any other relationship,” she said, “in that you suddenly realise you’ve rearranged your life around someone else, that you’ve encountered this life-shaping love.”

Why would an attractive, intelligent 29-year-old woman with her whole life ahead of her give it all up to become a nun? Because Christ’s love compelled her. Having been met by Christ’s great love for her, that love became the controlling influence over her life. And it wasn’t a burden; it was a joy. She wasn’t focussed on what she was giving up. She was focussed on what she had found in Christ—a love stronger than death.

But we don’t have to be nuns to live ‘all-in’ for Jesus. We do that in our everyday lives—as husbands, wives, parents, grandparents, friends, workers etc.—simply by letting Christ’s love be the controlling influence in our lives. In whatever it is we’re doing and in whatever role we find ourselves, we let Christ’s love set our agenda: transforming our thinking, shaping our speaking, empowering our efforts. For when Christ’s love compels us, we will offer a compelling testimony to Christ’s love for all.

So then, what is the controlling influence in your life? What is pulling the strings? Are you committed to living for Him who for your sake died and was raised? Are you convinced that He died you, and have you accepted and agreed to His representation? Are you compelled by His love, knowing that it was His love that drove Him to the cross that you might share His risen life? Do you know, have you experienced for yourself, what it means to be compelled by Christ’s love?

In a few moments’ time, the Lord will invite us to His Table. He’ll offer us bread, and say: “Take, eat; this is my body—the body you broke, but which I freely gave for you.” He’ll offer us a cup, and say: “Drink from it, all of you; this is my blood—the blood you shed, but which I freely poured out for you.” So as you come with empty hands, look at those signs of bread and wine that speak of His sacrifice, and see what crazy things God will do for love.

In the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Amen.

The Eucharist

Come, all you sinners, come,
The table is prepared,
Draw near with faith to God and see
Our fellowship repaired:
The feast is ready now,
All things in Christ are done;
The Lamb of God is slain for you:
A taste of heav’n begun.

To this your table, Lord,
We don’t presume to come
Unless you call, worthy are we
Of not the smallest crumb;
Except by grace alone,
Your love compels us in;
Our hands unclean, our hearts unfit,
We stand outside in sin.

See how great is His love,
This broken bread declares,
And wine outpoured shows plain to all
How much He for us cares;
Here is His broken flesh,
Here is His crimson blood:
He bids us eat and take the cup
To feast upon our God.

Christ is the Bread of Life,
Our hungers all He sates,
And we, made one with Him, shall be
The bread the world awaits:
For we shall broken be,
And given out to all:
For we, the Body of our Lord,
Shall still on sinners call.

Christ is the world’s True Vine,
Of life He is the cup;
And we, with thankful hearts may know
In Him, on God we sup:
O fill us to the brim,
That we whom You have filled
Be instruments of love by which
The Kingdom here You build.

So we will be made new,
Cleansed of our nat’ral yeast
Through Christ, the paschal sacrifice,
By Christ, Himself the Priest:
On Him by faith we feed,
His Body here we see:
We keep the feast of freedom won,
For Host and Meal is He.

Tune: Diademata

A Song for the Spirit

Come, O come, Creator Spirit,
You who hovered as a dove,
Brooding over the formless deep,
Warming unborn Earth with love;
Move once more in power o’er us,
Speed the Word upon your wing;
Let us hear that Word addressing
Us, to make a brand new thing.

Come, O come, inspiring Spirit,
You who set the bush ablaze,
Burning fierce, yet unconsuming,
Drawing the lost shepherd’s gaze;
From the fire a voice proclaiming:
“I have heard My people’s cry;
I AM with you in your speaking,
I, the words, you will supply.”

Come, O come, You fiery Spirit,
You who set the Mount alight;
From its height, Your Voice commanding
Ransomed folk of Your delight;
Speak again, and let us tremble
At the sound of love divine;
Standing small with awe before You,
To Your Word, our hearts incline.

Come, O come, life-breathing Spirit,
You who hosts from bones can raise;
Speak Your Word of life among us,
Form a people for Your praise!
Let us look at all around us
Hopeful of your quick’ning pow’r;
Mighty wind, come rushing through us,
And in love, this world devour!

Come, O come, conceiving Spirit
You who fell in Galilee,
Virgin’s womb with God-head swelling,
Worker of the mystery!
Fall on us, Your pow’r come o’er us,
Plant in us the life of God;
Christ in us, the hope of glory:
Let us bear His love abroad.

Come, O come, empow’ring Spirit,
You who named Jesus the Son;
You who Christ, our King, anointed
To declare the battle won;
Send on us the self-same Spirit,
Spirit of adoption cry:
“Abba! Father!” in our praying,
Tell us our identity.

Come, O come, victorious Spirit,
You who raised Christ from the dead;
Give us life, both now and ever
Till we at the last are wed;
Fill us, guide us, change us, lead us,
Fruit of hallowed beauty grow:
Love, joy, peace and patient kindness,
Bounty, truth, meek self-control.

Come, O come, explosive Spirit,
You who filled the Upper Room;
Blowing as a storm from heaven
Swirling with a flaming plume;
Fall on us, O tongues of fire,
We await Your Pow’r on high;
Give us words of newfound boldness,
Speak from this new Sinai!

Come, O come, revealing Spirit,
You who points us to the Son;
Draw us deeper in communion
With the God-head, now begun;
Pierce the clouds that hide Your presence,
Hidden sin, give grace to show;
Strike this heart of hardened granite,
Let the living waters flow!

Come, O come, mysterious Spirit,
You who blow where’er You will;
Be pleased to dwell within Your Church,
Conveying Christ to sinners still;
Birth us in baptismal waters,
Meet us in the bread and wine,
Call us in the Word proclaimed
To the fellowship divine!

Tune: Blaenwern

Christ is Lord, Get With The Programme!

In light of Christ’s resurrection and ascension, these seven words are the essence of the gospel, the foundation of all faithful Christian kerygma. In this strange in-between time, after Ascension and before Pentecost, we know that Christ is Lord, for He has been raised from the dead and is seated at God’s right hand as the One in whom God’s omnipotence is wholly invested; however, we await the promised Holy Spirit to clothe us with power from on high so that we might proclaim this reality and call those who don’t yet know or haven’t yet heard to get with the programme.

That such a bold, brash and abrasive message should be considered Good News may come as a surprise to many. After all, to put it like that doesn’t make it obvious why it’s Good News for us, does it? It’s not an attractive sales pitch. No, the fact is we’d expect (and much prefer) someone to tell us the twelve reasons Jesus can make my life better. And yet, the Ascension doesn’t allow us to make such a fundamentally self-centred presentation of the gospel. Of course the gospel is Good News for us, but it is Good News precisely because it reveals a salvation that is fundamentally Godward, realised in God ultimately getting what God wants.

Look at the proclamation of the apostles after Pentecost. Their concern isn’t with apologetics; but with clearly setting before people the nature of reality as it has been disclosed at Easter: “Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.” (Acts 2:36) The basis of our talk about Christ isn’t, therefore, concerned primarily with His usefulness for us; but rather, it is a simple statement of fact: like it or not, Jesus Christ is Lord, and whether we acknowledge it or not, we now live in light of that divinely constituted reality.

Will Willimon, in his refreshingly blunt but deliberate manner, summarises the content of our announcement thus: “God has won a great victory. The bloody, crucified Lamb rules. Join up, or else stay stupidly out of step.” The premise of our preaching isn’t that Easter is good for us, though it is. Instead, the premise of our preaching is that Easter is a fact and therefore we need to sit up and pay attention. The God-man we thought we’d killed off on Good Friday is alive. The Word we thought we’d silenced at the Cross won’t be shut up. The poor, itinerant Jewish Rabbi from the backwaters of Galilee whom we crucified is Lord.

And yet, that is exactly why this message is Good News. Christ, the crucified God—He is Lord. He is Lord, who assumes human flesh on our behalf. He is Lord, who came down from heaven for us and for our salvation. He is Lord, who bore the judgement of God in our stead and rose that we might participate in His risen life. This Christ is Lord. That’s why it’s Good News. So, what are you waiting for? Get with the programme!